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PUPPET MOTION ANIMATION

3D SHOOTING OF STOP-MOTION PUPPET ANIMATION WITH A SINGLE DIGITAL PHOTO CAMERA

Stop-motion puppet animation 3D shooting with single digital camera allows to obtain raw material which is possible to convert to any film media and digital formats including DCP and IMAX 3D.

Animation work   LISA LEMON AND ORANGE MAROCO TUMULTUOUS LOVE STORY  has won 2014 the China (ChangZhou) International Animation Art Festival «Golden Dinozaur» International Animation Film Competition in item of Grand Prix CICDAF 2014 For Best Foreign Feature Film.

History

Former Soviet Union was a pioneer in the creation of 3D puppet stop-motion animation. The first of these 3D animations - film “Souvenir” (director Albert Tuganov, “Tallinn Film”, Estonia) was produced in 1979 using a 3D system “Stereo - 70” developed by the All Union Cinema and Photo Research Institute, NIKFI. An entire feature was shot on 70mm film by 70CK-D camera supplied with a specially designed 3D lens, which were enabled to get the image of two side by side frames of left and right angle simultaneously.

Stop motion animation allowed an easy replacement of the film process with a digital process. This became possible after the rise of digital technologies, photo cameras with matrices of sufficient capacity introducing to the market, and laser recording on a film negative technology development.

The digital single photo camera  with precision platform is much more effective instrument than 3D digital movie camera.

Solution

The opinion that the interaxial distance between two lenses (base of the shooting) should be equal to the observation base (interaxial distance between eyes, 65mm), is a great mistake.

The shooting base should be reduced in inverse proportion to the scale of the object on the screen. In case when the average scale is equal to 2.5, it means that the shooting base’s size should be not a 65 mm but only 26 mm.

For puppets the distance between the shot angles fluctuates from 20 to 5 millimeters. It is impossible to install two digital photo cameras or two motion-picture cameras, in such a short distance from each other.

The solution - to use one photo camera mounted on a special precision platform which allow to move camera from one angle to another precisely only by several millimeters during the shooting of every frame of the animated film.

The first time this technology was presented at the Galveston (Texas) GSCA conference in September 2006 by demonstration of the experimental footage in 3D 1570 format. 
Next time the first 3D puppet film for Giant Screen - “Scarecrow” created by Russian Cinema and Photo Research Institute (NIKFI) 
jointly with «NUKU FILM» studio (Estonia) was presented at the second GSCA conference held in Vancouver in September 2007.

Puppet stereofilm «Lisa Limone and Orange Maroco tumultuous love story» NUKUFILM studio animation (Estonia),  2013

Awarded

  • 2014/Monterrey International Film Festival Mexico BEST INTERNATIONAL ANIMATED FEATURE FILM AWARD
  • 2014/11th China International Animation and Digital Arts Festival ( CICDAF ) Changzhou China Grand Prix for Best Foreign Feature Film
  • 2014/8th Dimension 3 Festival Sevres France PRIZE for CREATIVITY
  • 2014/6th International 3D Festival (I3DF) Liege Belgium «LUMIERE» AWARD - EUROPE OUTSTANDING ACHIEVEMENT
  • 2015/15th Lisbon Animated Film Festival MONSTRA Portugal JURY HONORABLE MENTION at the Feature Competition

Advantages of the technology

Special precision platform allows to move photo camera from one angle to another precisely only by several millimeters.

The initial material meets the requirements and the stereoscopic parameters of the «Stereo-70» system and is capable to transform material in any film media and digital formats

An expensive preliminary scanning of a 65mm film negatives in order to superimpose a 3-dimensional computer generated models into the scene is not require any more. 

The first 3D puppet film for Giant Screen - «Scarecrow» (“Chuchelo”) created by Russian Cinema and Photo Research Institute (NIKFI) jointly with “NUKU FILM” studio animation (Estonia).